OK In Health - Glorious Garden Gems

Top Ten Easy Steps to Drying Herbs - August 2018

By OK In Health's Gardening Articles

drying parsley

Imagine how your dishes will taste this winter if you have your own garden herbs to add to them.  Sage, thyme, summer savory, dill, bay leaves, oregano, rosemary and marjoram are less tender, low-moisture that are easy to dry or freeze some for a year-round supply of good quality herbs! Here's how to do it, complete instructions in easy steps. You don't need any special equipment: air drying or room drying is the easiest, as well as, most inexpensive method for preserving herbs. Moisture evaporates slowly and naturally during air drying, leaving the precious herb oils behind. Dehydrators are useful if you want to dry large quantities of herbs or you have high moisture herbs such as basil.

Ingredients and Equipment

  • Fresh Sage, thyme, summer savory, dill, bay leaves, oregano, rosemary or marjoram - any quantity.
  • string (or dental floss)+
  • Ziploc bags, glass or plastic containers,  OR Vacuum food sealer with bags
  • paper bags

Instructions

Step 1 - What to look for

The best time to cut herbs for drying is just before they flower. This is when the leaves have the most oil, which is what gives herbs aroma and flavor. Different varieties of herbs flower at different times of the season, so look for buds or newly opened flowers as your clue for harvesting. But, if your herbs have already flowered, they can still be harvested and dried. Cut herbs when the leaves are dry, either late morning or early evening but not in the hot midday sun.

Step 2 - Cut the herbs

Use a sharp knife or scissors to cut large stems or branches from mature plants. Gently shake each branch to remove insects. Examine each branch and remove old, damaged or diseased leaves.

Step 3 - Rinse the herbs

Rinse each branch in cold water and dry with towels or paper towels to remove all visible water. Wet herbs tend to mold which destroys the whole bunch.

Step 4 - Remove lower leaves from the stems

Turn branches upside down and remove leaves along the upper stem. Lower leaves are not as pungent as the younger, top leaves nearest the buds and growing tips. Tie five or six stems together in a small bunch. For high moisture herbs, use smaller bunches.

Step 5 - Put the tied branches into a paper bag to air dry

Place the bunch upside down in a large brown paper bag. Gather the bag around the stems and tie. Tear or cut several holes in the bag for ventilation. Make sure there is plenty of room inside the bag so leaves do not touch the sides of the bag. Write the name and date on each bag.

Step 7 - Dry the herbs

Hang the bag in a warm, airy room - an attic works great! Leave undisturbed for about two weeks or longer. As the leaves are dry, check for any signs of mold growth. Toss the entire bunch if moldy and try again.

Step 8 - Separate the leaves from the stems

Strip dried leaves from stems and discard the stems. Crush the leaves if desired, but whole herbs retain their flavor longer than crushed, ground or rubbed herbs. I wait until I use the herbs later, to crush them.

Step 9 - Storing the herbs

Store dried herbs in small airtight containers away from the light. Zip closure plastic bags, glass or plastic containers all can be used for storage. My preference is FoodSaver vacuum bags - it removes all the air, so the dried herbs retain more of their flavor.

TIP:  If you don't own a vacuum food sealer to freeze foods, place food in a Ziploc bags, zip the top shut but leave enough space to insert the tip of a soda straw. When straw is in place, remove air by sucking the air out.  To remove straw, press straw closed where inserted and finish pressing the bag closed as you remove straw.

Be sure to label and date each container.

Store herbs in a cool, dry, dark place (away from sunlight).

Step 10 – How to use your dried herbs

Dried herbs keep for years but for best results use within a year. Most herbs will diminish in flavor with age and a larger amount will be needed to achieve the desired flavor in cooking.

To release the full flavor, crush whole herb leaves or use a mortar and pestle to grind, just before adding to the recipe. When using dried herbs, add to soups and stews during the last half-hour of cooking or follow recipe directions. Be creative and add dried herbs to flavor your favorite foods.

Tip

Sage is the only herb that will grow stronger in flavor during storage. For making rubbed sage, place dried leaves in a wire strainer or sieve over a plate and rub against the side. Sage is a strong herb and rubbing creates smaller pieces for more even distribution in recipes.




OK In Health's Gardening Articles
Penticton Wellness Body and Soul Fair 2018

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